HistoryBy the end of the 17th century, England controlled the island of Manhattan. King William III issued an official charter for the establishment of a church that would solidify colonial rule on the area. Affiliated with the Church of England, Trinity Church opened along the shores of the Hudson River. The American Revolution marked a major turning point in the fate of Trinity Church, which fell victim to the Great New York City Fire of 1776. The second church reopened at the same location 14 years later. In the 1830's, the British-American architect Richard Upjohn designed the new church project from scratch. The 1839-1846 construction of the third and current Trinity Church was done because the second church became structurally unsound. Since then, this Gothic Revival structure has stood as a prominent fixture at the westernmost corner of Wall Street. The horrific September 11 Attacks posed a slight threat to the structural integrity of Trinity Church. Miraculously, the church suffered minimal damage from the debris of the collapsing Twin Towers that were just a few blocks away.
Walking ToursAs an active entity of the Episcopal denomination, Trinity Church holds regular religious services. Visitors are more than welcome to explore the architectural and decorative elements of this historic place of worship. The Broadway Entrance has several bronze doors that were installed in the 1890s by the prominent American architect Richard Morris Hunt. As you proceed towards the nave, you'll notice the pipe organ case. The main sanctuary in the nave includes lion carvings, altar and an intricate pulpit. Perhaps the most eye-catching features in Trinity Church are the stained-glass windows that depict various biblical scenes and motifs. For example, you'll see the Twelve Apostles and Jesus Christ in some of the decorative elements in the church. Some other smaller compartments include the All Saints' Chapel, North Monument Room and South Monument Room. The cemetery of Trinity Church is the resting place of many prominent figures in American history. For example, Robert Fulton is buried in the Livingston vault in the North Churchyard and his memorial is in the South Churchyard. Alexander Hamilton is also buried in the South Churchyard. A larger-than-life-size statue of The Honorable John Watts is also installed in this outdoor courtyard. The North Churchyard includes the Soldiers' Monument, Fireman's Memorial and Astor Cross. Currently, the nave is closed during construction. The Chapel of All Saints and churchyard cemetery remain open. There, visitors can see sculptures of the saints and the stained glass windows from outside the church.
Visiting Trinity ChurchTrinity Church stands as an iconic landmark at the intersection of Broadway and Wall Street in Lower Manhattan. Served by the 4 and 5 lines of the New York City Subway, the Wall Street station is literally located under the foundation of the church. The 1, R and W trains stop at the Rector Street station that's only one block away from the church. Numerous Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) buses also stop along Trinity Place and Broadway. There are several other exciting and interesting ways to reach Lower Manhattan, including by ferry. The Whitehall Terminal is Manhattan's only hub for the Staten Island Ferry. You can also take the New York Waterway to the Pier 11/Wall Street dock along the East River. Ferry service is available at the World Financial Center Ferry Terminal along the Hudson River.
Location: 75 Broadway, New York, NY, 10006
Click here to visit Trinity Church official website.
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