HistoryDesigned to accommodate freight rail traffic, the Hudson River Railroad shaped the development of Chelsea in the 19th century. Numerous piers and docks also lined the western part of this riverfront district that was mostly settled by working-class immigrants from Ireland. In the early 20th century, Chelsea attracted some wealthy residents seeking to secure private residences near one of New York City's best attractions and landmarks. Built in the 1930s, London Terrace was one of the largest residential properties of its time. Since the 1980s, Chelsea has attracted a significant population of young professionals. The chic and diverse neighbourhood is also known for having a large LGBTQ community.
Attractions and Points of InterestChelsea boasts more than a dozen waterfront blocks along the Hudson River. The Chelsea Piers Sports and Entertainment Complex is one of New York City's premier indoor recreational venues. Built in 1995 for more than 120 million dollars, this multi-purpose complex attracts huge crowds seeking fun activities. Some notable facilities at the Chelsea Piers include the Golf Club, Sky Rink, Field House and PIER SIXTY. Indoor swimming pools and state-of-the-art exercise equipment are installed in the Chelsea Piers Fitness Center. Additionally, the Chelsea Waterside Park near Pier 63 offers great opportunities for outdoor play. Another notable installation in Chelsea is the High Line, which consists of historic rail tracks that were converted into a public space. Running for more than one mile, the High Line includes beautiful gardens and sculptures that add aesthetic appeal to the dense neighbourhood. The elevated rail tracks also offer some great views of the Hudson River and the skyline of Jersey City and Hoboken. Perhaps the most impressive cultural attraction in Chelsea is the Rubin Museum of Art. This museum has an extensive collection of art from the Himalayan region. Established by a husband and wife with a passion for Oriental culture, this organization possesses ancient artefacts relating to Buddhism and other religions and spiritual beliefs of Tibet and the neighbouring areas. The Rubin Museum of Art is housed in an elegant property that once served as the flagship location of a department store. Some of New York City's top attractions are situated right on the border with Chelsea. For example, the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center marks the boundary between this district and Hell’s Kitchen. The Whitney Museum of American Art also sits near the southern end of Chelsea.
Location and TransitThe northeastern corner of Chelsea is roughly identified by Madison Square Garden. This indoor arena stands above an underground rail hub that's known as Penn Station New York. NJ Transit, Amtrak and New York City subway trains serve this massive transportation centre. Served by the 7 line, the 34th Street-Hudson Yards Subway Station is another important transit hub in the neighbourhood. Subway and PATH services are also available at various underground stops on 23rd Street, which is one of the district's main commercial roads. The southern part of Chelsea is home to several other subway stops, including the 14th Street/8th Avenue station. Running along the western flank of Manhattan, 11th Avenue offers convenient access to any point in Chelsea. This busy highway facilitates car travel between the George Washington Bridge and Lower Manhattan.
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