HistoryMurray Hill is named after a Quaker family that settled in the area in the 1700s. During the 19th century, elegant mansions, carriage houses and rowhouses were built in this fast-growing neighbourhood. High-rise condominiums have dominated the construction trends of the district in the late 20th century. Today, Murray Hill is considered one of the premier residential enclaves in Manhattan.
Attractions and ActivitiesSituated in the southwestern corner of Murray Hill, The Morgan Library & Museum is one of the premier cultural attractions in Manhattan. This venue is part of the estate of J.P. Morgan, one of the wealthiest financiers in New York City during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Morgan's personal collection of literature and artwork is on display in this complex that's been renovated numerous times. Having a Classical Revival facade, one of the buildings on the campus was built in 1903 by McKim, Mead & White. Once home to the Morgan family, a brownstone in the Italianate style is also part of the museum. Additionally, the lobby wing of the Morgan Library & Museum was designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano in 2006. Rising more than 900 feet above 42nd Street, the Chrysler Building casts a shadow on the northern part of Murray Hill. Built in 1930, this skyscraper is one of the most prominent Art Deco landmarks in the world. Decorated with marble murals, the grand lobby of the Chrysler Building is open to the public, but observation decks aren't accessible to visitors. The northeaster corner of Murray Hill is marked by the United Nations Headquarters. This complex includes the United Nations Visitor Centre, which offers behind-the-scenes tours, history exhibits, gift and book shops. The grounds of the UN Headquarters include the Non-Violence Sculpture and other interesting installations with political motifs. Covering just more than 1 acre, the Robert Moses Playground caters to the residents of Murray Hill. Opened in 1941, the playground is named after one of New York City's greatest master planners. In fact, Moses designed the ventilation tower of the neighbouring Queens-Midtown Tunnel. Occupying several blocks, St. Vartan Park is the largest green space in the neighbourhood. This public space opened in the early 1900s as St. Gabriel's Park. The 2.76 acres of the park include playgrounds, ball fields and trails through dense trees. This park is named after the neighbouring St. Vartan Armenian Cathedral.
TransportationMurray Hill has a nearly perfect grid layout that consists of streets and avenues carrying one-way traffic. In fact, Park Avenue is the only thoroughfare in the neighbourhood that accommodates traffic in opposite directions. Connecting Midtown Manhattan with Queens, the Queens Midtown Tunnel runs through the heart of Murray Hill. This toll-charging road is officially designated as Interstate 495. Running along the eastern flank of Manhattan, FDR Drive also offers direct access to Murray Hill. The East 34th Street terminal is served by several NYC Ferry routes that primarily accommodate commuters. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) buses also stop at some of the avenues in Murray Hill. However, the neighbourhood doesn't have any stations that are part of the New York City Subway network. Nevertheless, Grand Central Terminal literally sits at the border of the district. Housed in a historic Beaux-Arts edifice, this busy transportation hub has dozens of platform tracks for subway and commuter trains.
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