HistoryPark Avenue was originally developed to accommodate rail traffic in the middle of the 19th century. The rapid industrialization and urbanization of New York City contributed to the major growth of this boulevard, which wasn't designated for pedestrians or other forms of transport in its early years. The opening of the Grand Central Depot in the late 19th century solidified the important transit status of Park Avenue. This rail hub gradually evolved into one of the busiest of its kind in New York City and the United States. In the 20th century, Park Avenue was widened to accommodate growing vehicle and pedestrian traffic. Today, the historic avenue is one of the widest in all of NYC.
Points of InterestSome of Manhattan’s most famous skyscrapers are officially located on Park Avenue. Constructed in the 1920s, the Pershing Square Building is a stunning example of Romanesque Revival architecture. Upon opening, this 23-story property was one of the tallest skyscrapers in NYC. Completed in the late 1920s in the Beaux Arts style, the Helmsley Building also holds tremendous historic value for the Big Apple. The base of this building includes arched viaducts that allow traffic to flow smoothly at street level. Perhaps the most striking architectural marvel on Park Avenue is Grand Central Terminal. Also having a Beaux Arts facade, this train station perhaps has more aesthetic appeal than any other rail hub in the world. Since 1903, Grand Central Terminal has defined the urban beauty and sophistication of Midtown Manhattan. Standing next to the train station is the iconic MetLife Building. Built in the International style in the 1960s, this contemporary skyscraper is more than 800 feet tall. More than 10 other notable skyscrapers are officially named after the avenue. For example, 270 Park Avenue is a modern building that has 52 floors. Locals often refer to it as the JPMorgan Chase Tower. If you're looking for cultural attractions on Park Avenue, then head to the Scandinavia House in Midtown. As the name strongly suggests, this institution celebrates the rich culture of Scandinavian countries. Located just one block away, The Morgan Library & Museum boasts an impressive collection of manuscripts, books, paintings and other precious items from ancient and medieval times. This museum was officially funded with money from the estate of J.P. Morgan, one of the wealthiest financiers in America's history. Situated in the Upper East Side, Asia Society is another top attraction that's accessible just off Park Avenue. This organization presents artwork and other multimedia content relating to various Asian countries.
TransportationA small stretch of Park Avenue has underground rail stations that are served by the New York City Subway. The 4 and 6 trains stop at the 33rd, 28th and 23rd Street stations. Dozens of buses that are operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) head southbound and northbound on the avenue. Some important streets that intersect Park Avenue include 23rd Street, East 42nd Street and East 59th Street. These roads make it easy to seamlessly change directions in some of Manhattan's busiest districts. By contrast, the neighbouring Lexington Ave and Madison Avenue only have one-way traffic. In fact, Park Avenue is the only boulevard on Manhattan's eastern side to accommodate traffic in opposite directions. The most important transportation centre that's located on Park Avenue is Grand Central Terminal. The Metro-North Railroad offers convenient commuter rail service between this station and dozens of points in northern suburban communities, including in Connecticut.
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